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Ford Escort

old escort

Codenamed internally by Ford Australia as “BC”, the Australian Escort range’s bodies had been modified to suit the bigger engine and a redesigned fuel-tank, which concerned the placement of the fuel filler being behind the rear numberplate. The automobile used a revised underbody, which had been introduced as a running change during the last six months manufacturing of the Mark I. leg escorts sat on leaf springs although some contemporaries such as the Hillman Avenger had moved on to coil springs. The automobile came in for criticism for its lack of oddments space, with a glove compartment available on only greater finish fashions, and its stalk-mounted horn. Ford New Zealand’s Seaview plant in Lower Hutt constructed 1.1 and 1.3-litre versions, initially as Deluxe (1.1) and Super (1.three) two-door sedans plus panel vans.
Internally the automotive had a very new dashboard and different smaller changes. Optional new options included a mechanical anti‐lock braking system , a gasoline computer on gasoline-injected models, and a heated windscreen.

The Escort was now available with items similar to power steering, electrical windows, central locking, electronic antilock brakes, and air con. Some of those choices had been even available on a number of the entry-stage fashions. In 1993, the Escort Hobby trim was introduced in Brazil, utilizing a 1.0 L 50 hp engine. This was a small-bore model derived from the CHT 1.3 L used in the Brazilian Mk III. This engine was unique to Brazil, whereas the 1.1 L engine was smallest available in most markets. Brazil has a special tax break for vehicles with engines of less than one litre, making this a intently contested phase.
However, the examine-mild system for low gasoline, low oil, low coolant, low screenwash, and worn out brake pads was not fitted to any mannequin. west kensington escorts was not available on automobiles offered in Europe though it was an choice on vehicles offered in Argentina and Brazil. While this era was not sold in Australia at any level, it was however bought in New Zealand imported totally constructed up from the UK between 1996 and 1998 in all bodystyles together with the van, changing the Ford Laser. The hatch and saloon had been discontinued in 1999 due to unfavourable change charges – this is also the rationale why the Laser was reintroduced, and the Focus was not introduced to the New Zealand market until 2003. The van variant remained in production in a facility situated behind the now Jaguar plant at Halewood until 2002 when the brand new Transit Connect model was introduced.
The two entry stage engines have been revised – the 1.3 L received the most recent model of the Kent/Valencia family – the Endura-E from the recently launched Mk IV Fiesta and Ka, whilst the 1.4L CVH was changed by the up to date CVH-PTE unit. There were no changes to both the venerable 1.eight diesel or the 1.6/1.8 Zetec units on the top end indian escorts yorkshire of the vary. The improved iB5 version of the venerable BC-collection transmission was additionally later launched as a running change. The Escort entered production in Brazil in July 1983, with both three or five doorways. To higher take care of the tropical heat, the Brazilian three-door Escort obtained swing-out rear windows, in contrast to their European counterparts.
Like the Mexico and RS1600, this automobile was produced on the Aveley plant utilizing the strengthened bodyshell. The Mark I Escorts grew to become successful as a rally automotive, and so they ultimately went on to turn into one of the most successful rally vehicles of all time. The Ford works team was practically unbeatable within the late Sixties / early 1970s, and arguably the Escort’s greatest victory was in the 1970 London to Mexico World Cup Rally, pushed by Finnish legend Hannu Mikkola and Swedish co-driver Gunnar Palm. This gave rise to the Escort Mexico (1598cc “crossflow”-engined) special edition road versions in honour of the rally automobile.

This used the same existing 115 PS 1.eight L Zetec-E engine present in other vehicles within the range, however included a body equipment borrowed from the now cancelled RS2000 model, part-leather-based seats plus the usual fitment of ABS. The GTi was available in three- and 5-door hatchback and property bodystyles. Brazilian Escorts had been launched solely shortly after the European originals, in August 1983.

Personal Tools

All models of the Mark I were carried over to the Mark II, although the Mexico gained the RS badge and had its engine changed to a 1.6 L OHC Pinto instead of the OHV. South AfricaEscort Mark II shells inbuilt Halewood, England had been assembled in Silverton, South Africa from late 1975 till 1980. When initially launched, the Escort Mark II was bought because the 1300 L or as the 1600 GL, with two- or four-door bodywork. Aside from color-coded hubcaps, many of the tools variations were solely on the within with the GL being significantly higher equipped. The GL additionally obtained sq. headlights, back-up lights, and physique-side mouldings.
In 1979, Ford Australia gave the Escort an replace, increasing fundamental tools levels and standardising square headlights on L and GL fashions . Chasing each youth and performance, Ford Australia launched their take on the RS2000, which – full with its slant-nostril – was available in both two-door form and as a unique to Australia four-door, in a alternative of five solid paint colors.
The estate and van variations used the same doorways, roof and rear panelwork as the Mark I, but with the Mark II entrance finish and inside. The Mk I was produced by Ford Australia from 1970 to 1975 as a two- or 4-door saloon and as a two-door panel van. Some sixty seven,146 examples of the Mk I have been built in Australia, with native sourcing bringing the Australian content of the vehicles to 85 per cent.
The 2,500 street-going examples bought have been made, but demand for the automotive was so high that Ford stored producing them. Later fashions have a smaller turbo than the homologation variations and got here with the whale-tail spoiler as an option. The Escort Cosworth ceased manufacturing in 1996, however it has already achieved basic status and has an enormous following. However, the automotive wasn’t mechanically an Escort, being primarily based on the 4-wheel drive Sierra floorpan and mechanicals, together with its longitudinally mounted engine, and was merely clothed in physique panels to resemble a Mark V. It was immediately recognisable as an up to date model of the previous mannequin, taking styling cues from the just lately launched Scorpio/Granada III – with a easy fashion nostril and the “straked” rear lamp clusters smoothed over.

Escort Rs Cosworth

The RS Turbo was considerably of a disappointment; it had been delayed several instances and when it went on sale in early 1985 the chassis got here in for extreme criticism. The RS Turbo Series 1 was only v london escorts marketed in a few European nations as manufacturing was limited to 5,000 examples, all in white.

All models apart from base and L were fitted with a examine-gentle system for low fuel, low oil, low coolant, low screenwash, and worn out brake pads. Power steering was not obtainable on European Escorts though it was obtainable on the US Escort. For the 1983 mannequin 12 months, the Ford ATX three-velocity automatic transmission was available on the 1.6 L engine inside a couple of years of the car’s launch. In 1978, Ford Australia standardised the use of the blue oval emblem throughout the Escort mannequin vary.

It was outfitted with the Renault-based mostly Ford CHT engine, of both 1341 or 1555 cc. Both measurement engines had been also out there in alcohol-fuelled variations with marginally more power. It was initially obtainable in base , LX or GLX trim levels, with four- or 5-speed handbook transmissions. The last efficiency update arrived in the form of the turbocharged 132 PS RS Turbo model in October 1984.

Introduced in November 1970, 10,352 Mexico Mark Is had been constructed using bodyshells using additional strengthening panels in high stress areas making them more appropriate for competition. Underneath the bonnet was the Kent Crossflow engine additionally used within the smallest capability North American Ford Pinto. Diesel engines on small family vehicles have been rare, and the Escort was no exception, initially that includes only petrol engines– in 1.1 L, and 1.three L variations. A 940 cc engine was additionally available in some export markets such as Italy and France.

Escort Classic

These Escort fashions are recognized by the familiar blue Ford oval within the centre of the grille and on the proper of the bootlid. It also revamped the image of its ‘leisure vary’ by introducing the Escort Sundowner panel van, positioning it as a youth-orientated lifestyle automobile complete with daring physique decorations and domed side windows, available in 1.6L and a couple of.0L forms.
It was built in Brazil in collaboration between Ford and Karmann, with the highest imported from Germany. From launch, the automotive was obtainable in base , L, GL, Ghia and XR3 trim. From mid-1982, a 5-velocity guide gearbox was launched throughout the range. This was now normal on the 1.6 L variations and could be specified as an option on most 1.three L engines. A selection of features was out there, both as normal fitment or optionally available extras depending on model, including a tilt-and-slide sunroof, central locking, and electric home windows.
Also for the 1989 mannequin 12 months, the entry level 1.1 L and 1.3 L models have been up to date with the redesigned HCS version of the Kent/Valencia household developed for the Mk III Fiesta. The two-door Escort Van was first offered in February 1981, a barely delayed introduction brought on by giant remaining shares of the Mark II Escort Van. The Van has twin rear doorways and strange small side windows behind the entrance doors, needed to provide more over-the-shoulder visibility which would otherwise be limited by way of the short entrance doorways from the five-door Escort. Derived from the van was a pickup version of the Escort, the Bantam, which was produced in South Africa. As with its predecessor, the Mark II had a profitable rallying career.

  • In late 1991, for the 1992 mannequin 12 months, the Argentinian-made five-door grew to become out there in Brazil under the name “Escort Guarujá” (named after a city within the state of São Paulo).
  • The Guarujá was the first catalyzed automotive to be inbuilt Argentina, though it was not obtainable in its home market.
  • The advent of Mercosur opened the door for trade with Brazil’s neighbours.
  • This era was only constructed with three doorways in Brazil, though the five-door model was produced in Argentina.

The Escort hatchback and estate were produced in Argentina until 2004, having been bought alongside its successor in the course of the last phases of production. Escort-primarily based light vans had been offered since 1968, though the market sector, always larger in the UK than in continental Europe, dated again beyond the Fifties when successive Ford Anglias had been out there with a van variant. After the demise of the Escort, Ford would be represented in this niche by the Turkish assembled Ford Transit Connect. The final “commonplace” model to be introduced in 1997 was the GTi — the one GTi-badged Ford to ever be sold in Europe.
The Escort, pushed by Australian driver Frank Gardner went on to comfortably win the 1968 championship. The Ford Escort was revised in January 1995, although it was nonetheless based mostly on the earlier model. This model had new front lights, bonnet, entrance wings, front and rear bumpers, wing mirrors, door handles and four completely different entrance radiator grilles . At the rear, the Ford emblem moved from the proper to the centre of the boot, apart from the van and a few convertible models. The interior of the automotive was massively revised too following heavy criticism of the original 1990 automotive which featured low high quality plastics for its interior mouldings – the automobile now featured an all new dashboard association of competitive quality.

Rallying

At first, solely the CHT 1.6-liter engine was obtainable, running on alcohol or petrol and in a extra powerful XR3 model only operating on alcohol. As of May 1989, the 1.eight L AP engine made by Volkswagen became obtainable.
This was part of the AutoLatina settlement, the place Ford CHT engines were utilized in Volkswagen cars and vice versa. All Escorts made after 1993 had been fuel-injected, excepting the Hobby fashions. Additionally, the Mark IV mannequin was made until 1992 on all versions, besides the Hobby which was made until 1996. Brazil also received an XR3 version in direction of the very finish of 1983, solely out there with a tuned version of the 1.6-liter engine running on alcohol. Aside from inside and exterior enhancements including spoilers and 14-inch alloy wheels, the XR3’s engine produced 82.9 CV , a bit greater than the common versions however not quite enough to be thought-about a sporting automobile.

However, Argentinian products had a low reputation in Brazil on the time and the Guarujá solely remained available on the market for about a year. The more highly effective Volkswagen engine finally allowed the XR3, now with 99 CV , to stay as much as the guarantees made by its look. There was a 1300GT performance model, with a tuned 1.three L Crossflow engine with a Weber carburetor and uprated suspension.
The Escort property was initially solely obtainable with three doors, however a 5-door model was introduced in 1983. In that yr, a saloon model of the Escort, the Orion, was launched. It used the identical mechanicals because the hatchback, but had a extra upmarket picture and was not obtainable with the smaller 1.1 L engine. It was also directed at consumers of the earlier Cortina, which had ceased manufacturing in 1982, with its Sierra successor not obtainable as a saloon on the time.
This tiny engine remained well-liked in Italy, where it was carried over for the Escort Mark II, however in France it was discontinued throughout 1972. In 1998, Ford announced an all-new automobile, the Focus, which replaced the Escort and superseded the “Escort” name that had been in use for 30 years. The Escort vary was cut down to just “Flight” and “Finesse” editions, and offered for an extra two years in parallel with the Focus. All engines besides the 1.6 L petrol and 1.eight L turbo diesel were dropped, as have been the three-door hatchback, four-door saloon and cabriolet bodystyles .
The Mk II Escort was introduced to New Zealand in early 1975, assembled at Ford’s plant in Wiri, South Auckland. Unlike the Australian fashions, the New Zealand Escort vary adopted the specs of the British fashions, aside from the usage of metric instrumentation.
This version featured further instrumentation with a tachometer, battery cost indicator, and oil pressure gauge. The similar tuned 1.three L engine was also utilized in a variation bought because the Escort Sport, that used the flared front wings from the AVO range of automobiles, but featured trim from the extra primary fashions. Later, an “government” model of the Escort was produced often known as the “1300E”. This featured the identical 13″ street wheels and flared wings of the Sport, however was trimmed in an upmarket, for that time, style with wooden trim on the dashboard and door cappings.
All bodystyles were assembled, together with the estate – previously a constructed-up import from the United Kingdom. The initial powerplants utilized within the Australian Escorts have been Ford’s 1.3 L and 1.6 L OHV Crossflow units, offered with either four-velocity guide or three-pace computerized escorts spalding transmissions. In 1977, to cope with Australian emission laws, particularly ADR27A, the 1.3L models have been dropped and the Ford Cortina’s 2.0L OHC Pinto engine was introduced to the Escort vary, obtainable as an possibility on almost all fashions.
The South African Escort acquired the 1.three-litre Kent engine with forty two kW (57 PS; 56 hp), whereas the 1.6 claimed 52 kW (71 PS; 70 hp). Early in 1979 the 1600 sport was launched, featuring a two-door bodyshell, revised gear ratios and a sporty look, utilizing the 1600 motor proving to become a extremely popular automobile to the current day. The “One Six Double O” Sport was the most effective selling automotive in South Africa in 1980 at its retail worth of R4995.00. These vehicles had a stronger Kent block cast in South Africa that had thicker cylinder walls, which was and remains to be utilised in the Formula Ford series. SA vehicles differed in minor ways from European constructed counterparts in that the interior uncovered metal parts had been painted Matt black versus body colour and the bonnet/hood prop pivoted from the best versus the left.

These RS cars actually appeared the part, but have been truly powered by the identical 2.0-litre engine as the rest of the native Escort range, and available with a selection of manual or automated transmission. Stung by the criticism of the unique Mark V , Ford facelifted the Escort and Orion in September 1992, giving the revised automobiles a brand new grille, bonnet and, in the Escort convertible and hatchback’s case, a brand new rear finish.
old escort

A new 1.6 L sixteen-valve ninety bhp Zetec engine was introduced, changing the earlier CVH. Fuel injection was now standard on all petrol models, and Ford introduced a 4-wheel-drive variant of the RS2000, providing much improved handling over its entrance-wheel-drive cousins. A first for the Escort also noticed the introduction of all disc brakes on all 4 wheels as standard on all RS2000 and XR3i models. In early 1992, an all new Zetec sixteen-valve engine was launched bringing improved driveability, while escort valencia also marking the return of the XR3i which was out there with two versions of the 1.8 L Zetec engine. The 150 PS RS2000 also appeared in the autumn of 1991 with a 16v model of the Sierra’s I4 2.zero L engine and also improved experience and handling which means that this model of the Escort lastly delivered on the street.
A higher efficiency version for rallies and racing was obtainable, the Escort Twin Cam, constructed for Group 2 international rallying. It had an engine with a Lotus-made eight-valve twin camshaft head fitted to the 1.5 L non-crossflow block, which had an even bigger bore than ordinary to give a capability of 1,558 cc. Production of the Twin Cam, which was originally produced at Halewood, was phased out as the Cosworth-engined RS1600 production began. The most well-known edition of the Twin Cam was raced on behalf of Ford by Alan Mann Racing in the British Saloon Car Championship in 1968 and 1969, sporting a full Formula 2 Ford FVC 16-valve engine producing over 200 hp.

This era was only constructed with three doorways in Brazil, though the five-door model was produced in Argentina. The creation of Mercosur opened the door for trade with Brazil’s neighbours. In late 1991, for the 1992 mannequin year, the Argentinian-made five-door grew to become available in Brazil beneath the name “Escort Guarujá” (named after a town within the state of São Paulo). This was solely out there with a catalyzed version of the 1.eight-liter “AP” engine and a excessive standard of kit, including the Ghia’s physique-colored rear spoiler and distinct, eight-gap alloy wheels. The Guarujá was the first catalyzed automotive to be in-built Argentina, although it was not available in its house market.
Trim ranges have been revised after the 1972 UK facelift with just one run of 1.3XLs before these have been downgraded to ‘L’ trim. Some 1.6 Mexicos had been imported in 1973–seventy four after the federal government temporarily freed up import licensing owing to a scarcity of recent vehicles. Ford also produced an RS2000 model escorts in chelmsford as an alternative to the somewhat temperamental RS1600, featuring a 2.zero L Pinto engine. This also clocked up some rally and racing victories; and pre-empted the new hatch market as a desirable but affordable efficiency street automotive.
old escort
The sedan models had been out there in L, XL and Ghia types, and a Sport pack option – much like the 1300 and 1600 Sport fashions bought elsewhere. Unlike other markets – likely due to the estate’s absence – the van was offered in a better degree of trim – a GL, and a Sport pack van was additionally out there. Unusual fitments for the vary not offered elsewhere on the Australian Escort included ‘canine-dish’ steel hubcaps, and high-backed front seats. Unlike the primary Escort , the second generation was developed jointly between the UK and Ford of Germany.

Commercial Models

However, the underlying automotive was now five years old and most of its rivals were both new or to be imminently replaced. Argentinian manufacturing had begun in 1988 with many parts imported from Brazil, though the 5-door model was available there from the start and the engine options differed. The original versions had been the GL and Ghia, both fitted with the 1.6-liter CHT; these have been then replaced by the Volkswagen-made AP 1.6 in the Escort 1.6 LX and Ghia SX after slightly over a 12 months. There was also the 1.eight-liter Ghia S – shut in spec to the Guarujá export model, and with obtainable air con – and the sporty XR3. The fourth era Escort remained in manufacturing in Argentina till 1994.

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